In fact, the war is better portrayed as a series of events with unique causative factors, either contributing to the fissure that resulted in the war, or influenced the war itself. While current belief subjugates the causes of the war to factors other than slavery and race relations , it cannot be dismissed that the issue still played a critical role. Drawing on commentary by Frank L. Owsley and Lee Benson, combined with reference to primary sources from Abraham Lincoln and Alexander Stephens, I will argue that a strong sense of regionalism among southerners created favorable political conditions for the rise of an aggressive nationalism.
In terms of politically relevant features, geographic and cultural division between different regions characterized the antebellum South. These divisions persisted between regions of the South itself, as well as between areas of the South and North. At the time, the nation was composed of.
This attitude toward southerners can even be found in the presidency of Abraham Lincoln evidenced in his inaugural address:. That there are persons in one section or another who seek to destroy the Union at all events, and are glad of any pretext to do it, I will neither affirm nor deny; but if there be such, I need address no word to them.
To those, however, who really love the Union may I not speak? When Lincoln dismissed secessionists outright, he strengthened the Northern sectionalist perspective, but simultaneously fuels a burning resentment among the southerners. The provocation of regional rivalries caused by a mounting tendency towards egocentric sectionalism created conditions that were ripe for the rise of nationalist movements. Lee Benson argues that Southern Nationalism had been on the rise since the s, and gained in popularity after the nullification crisis ended in Inferring from the pattern identified by Benson — where Southern Nationalism grows with each slight by Northern politicians - we can infer that Southern Nationalism was a reciprocal response to acts taken by Northerners.
As a result, as the gap in understandings of political legitimacy and personhood between the North and the South grew, so did the Southern Nationalist movement — and thus the risk for conflict. In fact, the thirteen sates created a loose confederation with a federal government that was very weak.
Apparently, strong proponents of state rights such as Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were absent from this meeting. In addition, most people felt that the newly formulated constitution had not considered the rights of sates to go on acting independently. Moreover, they felt that the states ought to have the right to determine whether they had intentions of accepting certain federal acts or not.
As a result, the notion of nullification came up; whereby the various states would have the right to declare federal acts as unconstitutional. Generally, the federal government had denied states this right. However, proponents like John C. Calhoun fought fervently for nullification. In , the Missouri Compromise made a rule that forbid slavery in states form the initial Louisiana Purchase 30 minutes latitude 36 degrees north with an exception of Missouri.
However, during the Mexican War, conflict emerged about the new territories that the United States expected to get upon victory. In , David Wiilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso which would prohibit slavery in the newly acquired lands. Nevertheless, this was shot down for further debate. The Compromise was formed by Henry Clay and others to handle the balance between free states and slave, southern and northern interests. One among the many provisions was the fugitive slave act initially discussed.
Also, the Kansa-Nebraska Act further increased tensions In fact, it formed two new territories that would enable the states to utilise popular rule to determine whether they would be slave or free. They were referred to as "Border Ruffinas". Fighting immense violence broke out in Lawrence Kansas which was later referred to as Bleeding Kansas. Surprisingly, the violence erupted on the senate floor when Charles Sumner antislavery proponent was beat over head by Preston Brooks the Senator of South Carolina at the time This caused continuous unrest between the two regions.
Also, both the North and the South had different views on how the government should operate. The south wanted less government control, and more state freedom, while the North welcomed the central power of a government. The South viewed the election of Abraham Lincoln, as president, as a threat to slavery. To make matters worse, the South was determined to start its own nation, by electing its own president, Thomas Jefferson.
It started calling for International recognition as a nation from France and Britain. The South was persistent in becoming a separate country, but the North was not about to give up the South. Eventually, the Civil War erupted. After four long years, the Union would win the War and the country would once again become united. There were many reasons why the North was able to overcome the South. Since Southern economy was agrarian, and they had very few factories, the value of manufactured goods was higher than crops by the start of the War.
This made the North wealthier, helping it to produce ammunition and other warfare utilities. The South was poorer, do to the lack of money since cotton was no longer providing the income and had only a few sources for manufacturing goods. As a result they were always unequipped and could not keep up. The North had the ability to invent modern weapons while the South had to fight with older weapons. The North always had more people compared to the South who had fewer people. At war, the casualty rates were always equal, but the South suffered more because while the North could afford these loses, the South could not.
The Civil War lasted longer than it was expected to. But, unfortunately, the War was inevitable due to the great gap between the North and South socially, economically and politically.
In fact, due to these circumstances, if the South had won the War, the country would have probably been divided into two separate countries. As any war would have ended, the War ended with great losses to both sides. More Americans were killed in the Civil War than in all other American wars combined from the colonial period through the later phase of the Vietnam War.
Apart from the number of deaths and casualties, the great loss of property and money, the country now needed to work together in order to rebuild what was lost. Emotionally, it would take long years for many people to overcome the consequences of the war.
The war was followed by twelve years of Reconstruction, during which the North and South debated the future of black Americans and fought bitter political battles. Yet, there was a good outcome of this war. Slavery came to an end as a legal institution. But the war did not bring equal rights for blacks, they still had their own war to win until those rights would be achieved.
Hux, Allan and others.
Artillery and Weapons of the Civil War - Every war, though happens for a reason and bring a better change, is often gruesome. The Civil War broke America in two groups and, at the time, was the war with the most casualties and injured men.
Nov 20, · Essay on The Civil War and Reconstruction The Civil War was the turning point in the US history, while the Reconstruction era has completed the achievements of the Civil War and changes launched by the war/5(10).
The Impact of the American Civil War on the Rights and Lives of Black in the U.S. Essay on Causes of the American Civil War. Causes of the American Civil War The American Civil War was a military conflict between the United States of America (the Union), and 11 secessionist Southern states, organized as the Confederate States of America (the Confederacy).
The Civil War lasted between and and it resulted to more than , casualties. However, the causes of Civil War can be traced back to tensions that were created early in the history of the nation. Civil War Essay The Civil War was the most divisive war in American history. In the early s, the United States experienced a growth of nationalism and unity, but it was replaced by sectionalism, leading to the Civil War.