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How to Write Research Papers

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❶If a peer-reviewed journal published a paper on the basis of the letters after the authors' names, then the journal would undermine its own credibility.

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Also in the introduction, you want to survey any related work that attempted something similar to your own, or that has a significant supporting role in your research. This should refer only to published references. You cite the work in the references, not the researchers themselves. Every factual statement you make must have a specific citation tied to it in this chapter, or else it must be common knowledge don't rely on this too much.

Your results are to be of lasting value. Thus, the model you develop and write about and indeed, that you defend should be one that has lasting value. It should be generic in nature, and should capture all the details necessary to overlay the model on likely environments.

You should discuss the problems, parameters, requirements, necessary and sufficient conditions, and other factors here. Consider that 20 years ago ca the common platform was a Vax computer running VMS or a PDP running Unix version 6, yet well-crafted theses of the time are still valuable today.

Will your dissertation be valuable 20 years from now ca , or have you referred to technologies that will be of only historical interest?

This model is tough to construct, but is really the heart of the scientific part of your work. This is the lasting part of the contribution, and this is what someone might cite 50 years from now when we are all using MS Linux XXXXP on computers embedded in our wrists with subspace network links! There are basically three proof techniques that I have seen used in a computing dissertation, depending on the thesis topic.

The first is analytic, where one takes the model or formulae and shows, using formal manipulations, that the model is sound and complete. A second proof method is stochastic, using some form of statistical methods and measurements to show that something is true in the anticipated cases.

Using the third method, you need to show that your thesis is true by building something according to your model and showing that it behaves as you claim it will. This involves clearly showing how your implementation model matches the conditions of your abstract model, describing all the variables and why you set them as you do, accounting for confounding factors, and showing the results.

You must be careful to not expend too much effort describing how standard protocols and hardware work use citations to the literature, instead. You must clearly express the mapping of model to experiment, and the definition of parameters used and measured. This may be folded into Chapter III in some theses, or it may be multiple chapters in a thesis with many parts as in a theory-based thesis. This may be where you discuss the effects of technology change on your results.

This is also a place where you may wish to point out significant results that you obtained while seeking to prove your central thesis, but which are not themselves supportive of the thesis. Often, such additional results are published in a separate paper. Conclusions and Future work. This is where you discuss what you found from your work, incidental ideas and results that were not central to your thesis but of value nonetheless, if you did not have them in Chapter V and other results.

This chapter should summarize all the important results of the dissertation note that this is the only chapter many people will ever read, so it should convey all the important results. This is also where you should outline some possible future work that can be done in the area. What are some open problems? What are some new problems? What are some significant variations open to future inquiry? Appendices usually are present to hold mundane details that are not published elsewhere, but which are critical to the development of your dissertation.

This includes tables of measurement results, configuration details of experimental testbeds, limited source code listings of critical routines or algorithms, etc.

It is not appropriate to include lists of readings by topic, lists of commercial systems, or other material that does not directly support the proof of your thesis. As a rule of thumb, a CS dissertation should probably be longer than pages, but less than Anything outside of that range should be carefully examined with the above points in mind.

Keep in mind that you -- the Ph. Space—time block coding , a theoretical concept that is now essential to wireless communications, was invented in by Siavash Alamouti as a practicing engineer with a master's degree.

The first reason is more profane: There are journals with more reputation and some with less reputation. The journals with more reputation have more readers and if you are published in this paper, it will foster your reputation.

The direct effect is that everyone tries to get published in the most prestigous journals. So the editors get swamped with papers and must choose by priority. If two results are equally impressive, the probability that the more experienced and reputable scientist will be published is very high. So the standard approach is to contact the journals in descending order of reputation and ask for publication.

So, yes, you can be published, but it is likely that you must choose a journal with less reputation and that means that your results are likely to be ignored. That get us to the second problem: If you have an impressive result, then the editors will scan your paper more closely.

Unusual language there is a specific lingo you use in papers , strange format Word instead Latex and an impressive result from someone who is not known before raises a red alarm. If Anonymous Mathematica claims that "your lack of a PhD will not be held against you", then I say, nope, this is not remotely true. It is very likely that you and your paper are not scrutinized anymore and rejected. If you try to battle the decision, the label crackpot is attached to you faster than you can breathe.

So you must be extremely careful to publish a paper as amateur. Especially because there are journals which are so The arXiv uses an endorsement system to guarantee that only people from universities and research centers can submit papers; other people are locked out. If you really have an impressive result: In both cases, arXiv and respectable journal it is unfortunately necessary to contact someone from a university etc.

The reputation of a journal is measured by the impact factor and since also by the h-index. For Nature has rank 7 in the impact factor with Science has rank 20 but is preceded by 9! Nature specializations and is second on the h-index with So pretty important journals. Corvus now claims that my analysis is glaringly wrong and gives the explanation that other journals except Nature and Science do not have the need to pick between papers, if I have understood him right.

Corvus, it is your claim that other high-reputable journals both by h-index and impact factor do not have the problem with picking a paper and therefore high rejection rates? Do you stand by your claim? If my information is outdated or simply wrong, then I will retract it, but I will research it.

Glaringly wrong, yes or no? As others have said: Remember that Einstein didn't have a PhD when he published his paper on the photo-electric effect, yet it would win him a Nobel Prize. A requirement for getting a PhD degree is often to publish a paper where you are the first author.

So then you don't have a PhD yet either. What's more important is references. Even if you have a PhD, but your list of references only is two items, chances are it will be rejected, unless of course you made a Really Great Discovery.

References are important because they show that you studied and are familiar with the work of your peers in the field. I still was a MA's student when my paper draft was first accepted. I even attended conferences. Do not let anyone tell you otherwise. If a peer-reviewed journal published a paper on the basis of the letters after the authors' names, then the journal would undermine its own credibility.

When you drive across a bridge, or undergo open heart surgery, the engineers' or surgeon's professional registration is your assurance that they know what they're doing; but scholarly publications are supposed to be written in a way that makes them self-evidently good — they shouldn't need propping up with letters after the authors' names.

Look at a few reputable journals and you'll see that they just print the authors' names no letters after! Of course publications want to be read. There is no doubt that anyone who can submit work that is clear, concise, innovative and readable will be considered. But no matter what an individual's personal experience has been, or even the official policy, it comes down to the work, how it is expressed, and the integrity and professionalism of the scientist author.

Somehow, nitpicking others' comments seems to be related more to the desire an individual may harbor to be published- even if it's in an online forum! By clicking "Post Your Answer", you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of service , privacy policy and cookie policy , and that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

Questions Tags Users Badges Unanswered. Is it possible to submit a paper to a scholarly, peer-reviewed journal without PhD and get it accepted? Yes; I have done this four times.

Many PhD students at least in Europe publish a few first-author papers before graduation. Granted, there's almost always at least the student's professor on the paper as a co-author, often more collaborators. Does it count if one is on one's way to a PhD?

A fellow graduate student and I co-published a number of papers, including some in the very highest tier journals, prior to being awarded our degrees. I never felt that there was any bias against us for not having PhDs, and very little if any for being unknown in the field. What we did have was a university affiliation--perhaps the response would have been different if we had submitted as independent researchers from our home addresses--but if so, I think an unknown PhD recipient would fare no better.

The gatekeepers to these journals are magical telepaths who automatically detonate you if you even think about submitting a paper without a Ph. Anonymous reviewers can also divine your academic status even without knowing your name. Anonymous Mathematician k 15 Disregarding knowledge, the main obstacles for people who do not work at a university are a lack of facilities i.

It's a lot easier to succeed without these things in some fields than in others! This is only true for paper journals: May 10 '15 at The arxiv is not any kind of journal.


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In writing a PhD level paper, you will need all the help you can get, if you want it to be successful. We have prepared for you some PhD dissertation writing help advice that will assist you with researching, organizing and writing your project. Sections of a PhD level research paper explained. First things first, you have to understand the structure of a .

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1Always put your contact info on the front page so that people can find your paper and send you comments! It’s the 21st century — get a web page. If your paper is ready for a faculty member to read it, it should be on your webpage. Put the date on the paper so people know if they are reading a new version. What do you have to write to get your doctorate - Secure Student Writing and Editing Website - Order Non-Plagiarized Writing Assignments Online Cheap Essay Writing Assistance - We Help Students To Get Custom Written Essay Papers in High Quality Professional Paper Writing and Editing Assistance - Get Help With Top-Quality Papers .

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How to Write Research Papers. by Professor Shahn Majid. The style and format of research papers varies from subject to subject (and indeed journal to journal). This guide is aimed at students in the mathematical sciences. These are some hints for starting PhD students on how to write papers. It is assumed of course that you have some results. How many papers did you author during your PhD work? How many first-author publications? (arlehxt.cfhool) We just conducted an extremely complex experiment, so there will likely be progress soon towards more writing, but I just feel that I am not up to par with my peers in that regard. not because you have 15 papers. Ok, enough.