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Writing a Conclusion

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❶A research paper on literary criticism, for instance, is less likely to need a call for action than a paper on the effect that television has on toddlers and young children. You should absolutely avoid introducing new information in your conclusion.

Make Your Conclusion Effective

This article is a part of the guide:
What is a Conclusion: Defining the Term
While reading the paper, keep a paper and pen with you.

Your question must be directly related to the central topic and purpose of the paper. If you make a call to action, you have to explain what actions you consider the most important or effective. Open Navigation Close Navigation.

Summarize main points of your paper Remind your readers your key points. Discuss the significance of your points Note that it may be unnecessary for most papers.

Discuss the future of your subject You have to address the future perspective of your research and the considered issue. Make Your Conclusion Effective Basic synthesis As we have mentioned above, the conclusion must summarize the paper. Keep things together The best structure for a research paper includes an introduction and a conclusion which are linked to each other. In the introduction, ask a question.

When the whole paper is done, restate this question in the conclusion, and provide a clear answer. You can do it in the conclusion section. We suggest using the same images and concepts in both sections. Logic is important Sometimes your paper may contain many different or even opposite points. Ask readers to draw their own conclusions Another way to create an impressive conclusion is to ask your readers instead of providing them with answers.

Give a recommendation If you make a call to action, you have to explain what actions you consider the most important or effective.

Such words are unnecessary and they sound unnatural. You can also point out how your findings can be used by readers, pointing out the benefits. Even if you did not manage to reject the null , there is always a reason for this, and something has been learned. Whilst writing the conclusion, you should highlight any deficiencies in your methods , explaining how they may have affected your results. This will allow the next researcher to refine the methodology and learn from your mistakes, one of the foundations of the scientific process.

Do your findings open up any suggestions for future research? For a shorter paper, this is not always essential, but you can highlight any possible areas of interest and give some ideas for those following.

Again, this is not always applicable, but you can suggest any practical uses for your findings. For example, if you uncovered a link between diet and the speed at which children learn, you could suggest a short plan for ensuring that children receive good nutrition. With writing the conclusion finished, you are almost at the end of your research project. All that remains is to perform the proof-reading and formatting , a little bit dull, but a sign that you are in the final stages. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:.

Martyn Shuttleworth Sep 18, Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.

Writers who are still developing their skills often make several common mistakes involving the conclusion to their paper. A conclusion of this kind simply lets the paper fade as the ending is reached. Concluding the paper in this way will leave the reader disappointed and unsatisfied. A weak ending to the paper will also weaken the ability of the paper to convey its central thesis, and diminish the quality of the argument that the writer is attempting to make.

Some writers will make the mistake of avoiding a conclusion altogether. The arguments the writer wishes to make, or facts and information they wish to convey, will be stated throughout the body of the paper. However, the writer will fail to include a proper conclusion at the end. Providing a conclusion that lacks the appropriate length. At times writers will attempt to conclude a paper with only a few sentences, or even a single sentence.

Often endings of this kind will merely attempt to restate the thesis of the paper in a crude or simplistic manner. An ending of this kind conveys a sense of laziness on the part of the writer. A good conclusion to a paper should be at least one solid paragraph long at the bare minimum. Ending the paper with a conclusion that lacks focus, or is filled with extraneous or inappropriate material. The conclusion to a paper should strive for precision.

Material of this type should be included in the body of the paper, and not in the conclusion. A helpful analogy might be for the writer to think of the conclusion to a paper as the equivalent of a coda to a piece of music. Composers and songwriters will include a coda following the climax of a musical piece. The climax normally occurs towards the end of the composition.

However, the coda is included afterward in a way that allows the listener to revisit the main body of the composition or song, and provide the listener with a sense of perspective, balance, and summation. The conclusion to a written work serves a similar purpose. The writer should begin their paper with an appropriate introduction of their topic, followed a general statement of their thesis.

The writer will then develop their thesis through the body of the paper by stating the facts and arguments the writer wishes to present. Yet another difficulty some writers encounter when drafting a conclusion to their paper is to simply make writing the conclusion more complicated than it needs to be. It should go without saying that the conclusion should be one of the last, if not the very last, part of the paper that is written, with the possible exception of prefaces, forewords, and appendices.

The conclusion merely summarizes the ideas, information, and arguments that have already been presented. The writer is not conducting research or formulating a thesis in the conclusion. Rather, the writer is simply restating the findings of research that has already been done.

At this point, the topic does not need to be explained in excessive detail. The reader is already familiar with the topic. This aspect of the conclusion should essentially a repeat of the thesis statement that was included in the original introduction, most likely at the end of the opening paragraph.

What is the Purpose of a Conclusion Paragraph?

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The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. This section also shouldn’t sound too dry.

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Concluding a research paper seems to be a less tiresome job than actually creating a research paper. Students assume that it may not consume their enough time and efforts if they are assigned to create a summary of an already existing research paper.

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A research paper should end with a well-constructed conclusion. Many inexperienced writers underestimate the importance of having a solid conclusion to their paper. However, a paper that lacks a good conclusion will often seem incomplete to the reader and seriously detract from the quality of the paper. By learning how to write a conclusion for a research paper, a student may find out the way to impress even the strictest teacher and the rest of the target audience. In this article, we cover all elements of the research paper: from an abstract to a conclusion interpreting the results of the study.

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Writing a conclusion involves summing up the paper and giving a very brief description of the results, although you should not go into too much detail about this. Anybody reading the conclusion has read the entire paper, so the conclusion merely acts as .