This combination in research helps researcher to develop the understanding and knowledge about the topic of research. In research paradigm, there are various factors that affect the research to implement a method in an effective way such as time constraints, budget constraints, etc. Use of appropriate research paradigm and philosophies helps researcher to eliminate these factors from the research. Research paradigm has three different terminologies such as positivism, interpretivism and realism research philosophies Mcnabb These research philosophies are as follows:.
Positivism philosophy is based upon the highly structured methodology to enable generalization and quantifiable observations and evaluate the result with the help of statistical methods.
Positivism philosophy is commonly used in natural science and it is a critical and objective base method.
It is an approach that includes the various philosophy of natural science such as philosophy of unchanging, universal law and the view of everything that occurs in the nature Sundars With the help of positivism philosophy, researcher can collect all the facts and figures that are associated with the research issue through general sources.
According to Sundars , in this research philosophy the role of researcher is very important for the study. He stated that in positivism philosophy the researcher plays role of an objective analyst to evaluate the collected data and produces an appropriate result in order to achieve research aims and objectives. The interpretive philosophy believes that the social world of management and business is too complex as to be formulated in theories and laws such as in the natural science. Interpretive philosophy represents the critical thinking about positivism philosophy.
According to this philosophy, there are many truths and meaning of a simple fact and these are suitable for every situation and for every research problem Johnson and Christensen This research philosophy plays an important role in order to produce end result from the collected data.
In this research philosophy, the researcher does not only interact with environment but also seek to make sense of it through their interpretation of events and the meaning that they draw from these.
We consider two major philosophical schools of thought -- Positivism and Post-Positivism -- that are especially important perspectives for contemporary social research OK, I'm only considering positivism and post-positivism here because these are the major schools of thought. Forgive me for not considering the hotly debated alternatives like relativism, subjectivism, hermeneutics, deconstructivism, constructivism, feminism, etc.
If you really want to cover that stuff, start your own Web site and send me your URL to stick in here. Quality is one of the most important issues in research. We introduce the idea of validity to refer to the quality of various conclusions you might reach based on a research project. Here's where I've got to give you the pitch about validity. When I mention validity, most students roll their eyes, curl up into a fetal position or go to sleep. They think validity is just something abstract and philosophical and I guess it is at some level.
But I think if you can understand validity -- the principles that we use to judge the quality of research -- you'll be able to do much more than just complete a research project. You'll be able to be a virtuoso at research, because you'll have an understanding of why we need to do certain things in order to assure quality. You won't just be plugging in standard procedures you learned in school -- sampling method X, measurement tool Y -- you'll be able to help create the next generation of research technology.
Enough for now -- more on this later.
Research philosophy is a vast topic and here we will not be discussing this topic in great details. In business and economics dissertations at Bachelor’s level, you are not expected to discuss research philosophy in a great level of depth, and about one page in methodology chapter devoted to.
Philosophy of Research You probably think of research as something very abstract and complicated. It can be, but you'll see (I hope) that if you understand the different parts or phases of a research project and how these fit together, it's not nearly as complicated as it may seem at first glance.
Duke's Department of Philosophy has a strong faculty that is committed to excellence in both research and teaching. In a recent ranking of philosophy programs in the United States, the department was recognized in the areas of. 3- 1 Chapter Three: Research Methodology Introduction The way in which research is conducted may be conceived of in terms of the research philosophy subscribed to, the research strategy employed and so the.
The Department of Philosophy offers excellent opportunities for graduate study in ethics, including metaethics and normative ethical theory, the history of moral philosophy, and ethics with a focus on law and public policy, as well as social and political philosophy. Research philosophy is an important part of research methodology. Research philosophy is classified as ontology, epistemology and axiology. These philosophical approaches enable to decide which approach should be adopted by the researcher and why, which is derived from research questions (Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill, ).